Days, Weeks, and Months of the Year (1st grade lesson plan)

This History lesson is an ongoing study of the days, weeks, and months of a year.  Students will gain an understanding of how many days, weeks and months are in a year and what their respective names are.  This lesson can be conducted daily to achieve memorization, and includes a calendar for each student to track the days of the year.

Title of Lesson

Days, Weeks, and Months of the Year

Course

First Grade History

Living and Working Together in Families and Schools

Standard(s)

1 – H2.0.2            Use a calendar to distinguish among days, weeks, and months.

Objectives

I can: Identify the days, weeks, and months in a year. (Bloom’s: Understand, Repetition)

Materials

Yearly calendar that includes days, weeks, and months; calendar printout for each student (image attached below);

Songs (Youtube):
Days of the Week Song
Months of the Year Song

Essential Question(s):

How many days are in a week? (7)

How many weeks are in a year? (52)

How many months are in a year? (12)

Inclusion Activity

Watch the following videos in order of teaching:

How many days are in a week?
Days of the Week Song

How many months are in a year?
Months of the Year Song

Sequence of Activities

  1. Review these songs often: these can be reviewed daily for repetition and memorization.
  2. Show a large yearly calendar to the class and distribute printouts of the yearly calendar to each student. These should be kept in their daily folders (or something that they use every day).
  3. After the Days of the Week song, ask students how many days there are in a week.
    1. Have students count the days in a week, then recite (choral, led by teacher) the day names. As memorization progresses, students will recite on their own.
    2. Discuss the abbreviation of each day name (MTWTFSS) and, as a class, spell them out on their papers together.
  4. Have students count how many weeks are in a year. Each line is a week – teacher should lead the counting.
  5. View the Months of the Year song.
    1. Have students count how many months are in a year. Have students recite (choral, led by teacher) the month names.  As memorization progresses, students will recite on their own.
  6. Have students mark off each day on the calendar as the year progresses.
  7. Extension activity: each day when students mark off the day, write the date on the board to practice writing it correctly. Have students refer to the calendar for proper form and spelling.  As the year progresses, they will memorize the form and begin to tell the teacher what to write.  For example: Monday, January 2, 2017.
    1. Summative assessment: as the year progresses, students can write this date on their papers to apply their learning. Teacher can leave the date written on the board for reference.
  8. Extension activity: have students number the weeks (52) and months (12). On Mondays of each week, ask the students what number week and what number month we are in.

Instructional Strategies

Visual instruction (writing on whiteboard, viewing calendars)

Large group (teacher-class)

Assessment

Formative: Encourage all students to contribute to the discussion.  Choral recitation will ensure student memorization, and teacher can assess who is not participating in the choral recitation simply by viewing students’ participation.

Summative:  Students’ completion of marking their maps.  Students’ writing of the date on their worksheets throughout the day.

Differentiation

Students who struggle with these concepts or may require reminding of classroom rules might need reinforcement and reminding (such as those with IEPs or 504s).

If students are not memorizing, take time to work individually or have them work with partners.  They can practice singing, repeating line by line, the songs provided.

Teacher can lead the calendar markings so that students can watch what to do before they do it.  Other students may go ahead and do it on their own.

Summary, Integration, and Reflection

Daily integration of this activity will ensure memorization and understanding of the concept.  At the beginning of the year this should be teacher-led and conducted as a quick class activity.  By mid- to end-of-year, students should be able to do this individually without much reference.

yearly calendar

 

By |December 11th, 2017|1st Grade, History|

Underhand Throw (1st grade lesson plan)

Physical Education unit consisting of three coordinating lesson plans

 

Lesson Plan Title

Underhand Throw – Demonstration and Bowling

Course

1st grade Physical Education

Total Class Time

30 minutes

Objective(s) the students will be able to:

  • Throw underhand at a target within their personal space.
  • Step with opposition, bring arm back, and release the ball underhanded in front of them.
  • Practice spatial awareness and ball control.

Standard(s)

Demonstrate Level 2 performance in: spatial awareness, effort, underhand throw

Equipment Needed

  • CD player and music
  • Bowling pins
  • Bowling balls

Warm-up

5 minutes (use this time to set up equipment)

  • Students will jog around the track while the music plays.
  • Students will swing their arms with purpose as they run, focusing on the rhythmic swinging that will later on mirror the swing of the underhand throw.
  • When the music stops, students will line up on the track sideline.

Lesson introduction/details, cues, etc.

5 minutes

  • “I will go over the cues for throwing the ball underhand at the target.”
  • Demonstrate the proper stance for standing in the “ready to throw” position, opposite the target.  Demonstrate swinging the arm way back, stepping with the opposite foot, then releasing the bean bag out in front.

 

Skill/Activity Practice

15 minutes

  • Divide the students into five groups.  Create five “lanes” with bowling pins at one end.
  • Students will each take a turn in their groups to underhand throw the bowling ball.  They get two throws each turn (like with actual bowling).
  • One student should be at the opposite end to pick up pins and return the ball – ball must be returned also with underhand throw.
  • Students must practice spatial awareness and ball control due to the ability of the balls to go astray.

Closing

5 minutes

Reiterate the demonstration of the appropriate stance for underhand throwing and controlling the ball.  Have students return equipment to the equipment area.

 


 

Lesson Plan Title

Underhand Throw – Throw the Yard

Course

1st grade Physical Education

Total Class Time

30 minutes

Objective(s) the students will be able to:

  • Throw underhand at a target within their personal space.
  • Step with opposition, bring arm back, and release the ball underhanded in front of them.
  • Practice spatial awareness.

Standard(s)

Demonstrate Level 2 performance in: spatial awareness, effort, underhand throw

Equipment Needed

  • CD player and music
  • Several bean bags (the more the better!)
  • 4 hula hoops

Warm-up

5 minutes (use this time to set up equipment)

  • Students will jog around the track while the music plays.
  • Students will swing their arms with purpose as they run, focusing on the rhythmic swinging that will later on mirror the swing of the underhand throw.
  • When the music stops, students will line up on the track sideline.

 

Lesson introduction/details, cues, etc.

5 minutes

  • “Let’s review how to underhand throw.”  Demonstrate.
  • Discuss the rules for “Throw the Yard” game.  Students will be underhand throwing bean bags into other teams’ “yards.”  If they see a bean bag on the ground in their “yard,” they may pick it up and throw it into the neighbor’s yard (hula hoop).

 

Skill/Activity Practice

15 minutes

  • Divide the students into four groups; also, divide the gym floor into four quadrants.  Each quadrant will have one hula hoop at its center.
  • Students will be underhand throwing into their neighbors’ yards.  They must get their bean bags into the other teams’ hula hoops without leaving their own yard.  The goal is to have the least number of bean bags in their own hula hoops.
  • They cannot take bean bags out of the hula hoops that other teams have successfully thrown into their hula hoops.  They cannot overhand throw or purposefully hit another player.  These violations will call for removal from the game.

 

Closing

5 minutes

Reiterate the demonstration of the appropriate stance for underhand throwing and controlling the ball.  Have students return equipment to equipment area.

 


 

Lesson Plan Title

Underhand Throw – Hopscotch

Course

1st grade Physical Education

Total Class Time

30 minutes

Objective(s) the students will be able to:

  • Throw underhand at a target within their personal space.
  • Step with opposition, bring arm back, and release the ball underhanded in front of them.
  • Practice spatial awareness, balance, and the locomotor skill of hopping.

Standard(s)

Demonstrate Level 2 performance in: spatial awareness, effort, underhand throw

Equipment Needed

  • CD player and music
  • Chalk
  • 25 bean bags (one per child)

Preparation

Do this activity on a nice day where you can take students outside to the black top.  Pre-draw several hopscotch courses.

Warm-up

5 minutes (use this time to set up equipment)

  • Students will jog around the track while the music plays.
  • Students will swing their arms with purpose as they run, focusing on the rhythmic swinging that will later on mirror the swing of the underhand throw.
  • When the music stops, students will line up on the track sideline.

Lesson introduction/details, cues, etc.

5 minutes

  • “Let’s review how to underhand throw.”  Demonstrate.
  • Take the students outside and discuss the rules of hopscotch.  Demonstrate how to carefully aim and underhand throw to get the “spot” you want on the hopscotch course.

Skill/Activity Practice

15 minutes

  • Divide the students into four hopscotch teams.  Each team will have their own hopscotch course.  Each student will have their own bean bag to underhand throw on their hopscotch course.
  • Students will throw their bean bags on the course, one by one, in an underhand throw.  The spot on the course that the bean bag lands on, the student must not hop on that spot.  They will hop on one foot through the course, then upon returning, attempt to pick up their bean bag (and then may hop on that spot).

Closing

5 minutes

Reiterate the demonstration of the appropriate stance for underhand throwing and controlling the ball.  Have students return equipment to equipment area.

 

Image credit: OPHEA

By |February 18th, 2016|1st Grade, Physical Education|
Load More Posts